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FOREWORD
时间:2018/3/29 阅读:6033
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A little less than three years ago Nym Wales (who in her more

domestic moments responds to the prosaic title, Mrs. Edgar Snow)

accompanied me to dine with a good friend in Shanghai. It was not long

after the end of the Sino-Japan hostilities in that neighborhood; there was

an ominous portent of coming war in Europe. Soon we talked of

solutions to the economic causes of wars; and our host, a cooperative

enthusiast, advanced the idea of the organization of the world on a

cooperative basis as a means of making democracy work and of avoiding

wars.

Nym Wales did not agree with him. She considered consumers

cooperatives a mere banding together of consumers to be exploited by

monopoly capital still in control of production. As usua1 she

overwhelmed her opponent.

But a couple of days later (and l was not surprised at all; it's no

doubt the Welsh in her) I heard Nym speaking very wel1 of some of the

cooperative ideas and principles which she had convinced her recent

listeners were a sham and a delusion. She was advocating “refugee

producers cooperatives” in China: to put an end to soup kitchens and

non-productive refugee camps and concentrations. She wished to give

jobs to millions of destitutes driven from the farms and workshops into

the interior; and she saw the value of cooperative organization as a means

of quickly rehabi1itating the lost industria1 bases of resistance to Japan.

She saw also in one brilliant glimpse into the future the tremendous socia1

and economic importance which such a movement could ultimately

acquire in building a better post-war China.

“Industria1 Cooperation,” as realized today in hundreds of busy

self-supporting workshops throughout China, was thus first of a1l the

brain child of Nym Wales. It was she who first interested Rewi Alley in

the possibilities of industria1 cooperatives as a relief measure combined

with the mobilization of skilled labor and the exp1oitation of hinterland

raw materials as the economic basis of China's pro1onged resistance. This

fact is generously acknowledged by Mr. Alley (now chief technical

advisor to C. I. C.) in his recent pamphlet, Two Years of Indusco. Nym

Wales in fact coined the phrase “guerrilla industry” and probably most of

the now slogans and key ideas popularized throughout Indusco workshops

today. Chiefly owing to Nym Wales' prodding, Alley and his Bailie

engineers worked out the technical details of this scheme which has

become such an important pattern of economic and socia1 change in

China. But for the soundness of her original concept, and the genius of

her faith and enthusiasm, the movement might never have come into

being at a1l--and China might never have achieved what many observers

regard as the most constructive result of the war to date.

Hence is it quite fitting that Nym Wales should write the first book

about Chinese Industria1 Cooperatives. Speaking as a critic (that is, not as

Mr. Wales) I find it highly readable and richly informative and indeed

perhaps the most valuable economic interpretation yet made of China at

war. It is solely in its discussion of her own role in the creative thinking

which launched this great movement that one finds any exception to the

admirable candor and directness which elsewhere characterize the volume.

Only in that one respect, therefore, is a foreword necessary at all.

Unknown to Miss Wales I have written these lines also at the request of

many friends who have been inspired to contribute their time and money

to what is surely an historic advance in China by the example of her own

tireless and unselfish labor and devotion in the cause of a great people,

and who wish to pay tribute and express gratitude to her through the

publication of this book.

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